These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word ‘equivalent.’ Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Some terminology may vary depending on the type of entity structure. “Members’ capital” and “owners’ capital” are commonly used for partnerships and sole proprietorships, respectively, while “distributions” and “withdrawals” are substitute nomenclature for “dividends.”

- In simple words we can say that two things or quantities are equal when they are exactly the same like ½ is equal to ½ but ½ is equivalent to 2/4 as they represent the same value.
- For example, let’s say we are making a recipe that requires 1/2 cup of butter.
- The use of the equivalent symbol (as three bars) is frequently used in Unicode programming for computers, as well as in Boolean algebra.
- The expanded accounting equation is a form of the basic accounting equation that includes the distinct components of owner’s equity, such as dividends, shareholder capital, revenue, and expenses.
- “The fact is, this record population increase is coming right at the time that there is infrastructure bottlenecks,” he told ABC News Channel.

For a more specific breakdown of the components of equity, use the expanded equation instead. We could also use the expanded accounting equation to see the effect of reinvested earnings ($419,155), other comprehensive income ($18,370), and treasury stock ($225,674). We could also look to XOM’s income statement to identify the amount of revenues and dividends the company earned and paid out. Yes, equivalent fractions are the same as they are two different ways of representing the same concept. Equivalent ratios, sometimes known as equivalent fractions, are ratios that have the same proportion to each other when put in simplest form.

It has no relevance from an operational perspective, nor is it useful for any other type of cost derivation other than process costing. Other companies group cash and cash equivalents together on the balance sheet and state them as one line item. There are generally two different ways to report cash equivalents on the balance sheet. Some companies state cash equivalents as a separate line item directly under cash on the face of the balance sheet. This allows investors and credits a look at what is actually in the company’s bank account and what are other liquid investments.

This projection is reached by using the estimated resident population, as of June 30 last year, and assuming certain growth factors, such as one birth every minute and 42 seconds and one death every two minutes and 52 seconds. The Australian Bureau of Statistics’ (ABS) population clock ticked into the new million around 3.45pm AEST on Wednesday, January 24. My Accounting Course is a world-class educational resource developed by experts to simplify accounting, finance, & investment analysis topics, so students and professionals can learn and propel their careers.

Substituting for the appropriate terms of the expanded accounting equation, these figures add up to the total declared assets for Apple, Inc., which are worth $329,840 million U.S. dollars. The expanded accounting equation is derived from the common accounting equation and illustrates in greater detail the different components of stockholders’ equity in a company. In other words, a cash equivalent is an asset that is so liquid that it can be considered cash for practical purposes.

“Trying to get the balance between a natural increase as well as migration,” Mr McCrindle said. The spike comes after years of negative growth from migration when borders were closed during the coronavirus pandemic. While the 295,900 births and 189,900 deaths https://accounting-services.net/ over the past 12 months remain similar to the historical averages, migration has surged Australia’s population. “The fact is, this record population increase is coming right at the time that there is infrastructure bottlenecks,” he told ABC News Channel.

The expanded equation is used to compare a company’s assets with greater granularity than provided by the basic equation. Contributed capital and dividends show the effect of transactions with the stockholders. The difference between the revenue and profit generated and expenses and losses incurred reflects the effect of net income (NI) on stockholders’ equity.

For example, let’s say we are making a recipe that requires 1/2 cup of butter. To find equiavlent fractions, we multiply the numerator and denominator by the same number. Equivalent ratios are those which can express a similar or the equivalent amount meaning same relationship between numbers or values. Equivalent implies amounting to the same thing in worth or significance. $1$ eqiv of a substance reacts with exactly $1$ equiv of another substances to produce $1$ equiv of each product.

Overall, then, the expanded accounting equation is useful in identifying at a basic level how stockholders’ equity in a firm changes from period to period. Equivalent units is a cost accounting concept that is used in process costing for cost calculations. It is used in the derivation of the ending value of inventory for a reporting period. It can also be applied to gain a general idea of the additional costs required to convert work-in-process into finished goods.

The use of the equivalent symbol (as three bars) is frequently used in Unicode programming for computers, as well as in Boolean algebra. Venn diagrams use the concept of logical equivalence to establish the relationship between two algebraic expressions and functions. The concept of equivalence is also used in explaining the structural similarity between the chemical compounds.

Equivalent units of production is a term applied to the work-in-process inventory at the end of an accounting period. In essence, it is a relatively easy way to derive how much as been invested in goods that have not yet been completed and converted into finished goods. In short, if 100 units are in process but you have only expended 40% of the processing costs on them, then you are considered to have 40 equivalent units of production. ABC International has a manufacturing line that produces large amounts of green widgets. At the end of the most recent accounting period, ABC had 1,000 green widgets still under construction. The manufacturing process for a green widget requires that all materials be sent to the shop floor at the start of the process, and then a variety of processing steps are added before the widgets are considered complete.

This is because the term equivalent in mathematical theory is a notion that has multiple meanings. Equivalent means that different terms and expressions with a similar value are considered equal in mathematical form. The basic accounting equation is used to provide a simple calculation of a company’s value, based on a comparison of equity and liabilities.

At the end of the period, ABC had incurred 35% of the labor and manufacturing overhead costs required to complete the 1,000 green widgets. Consequently, there were 1,000 equivalent units for materials and 350 equivalent units for direct labor and manufacturing overhead. Thus, the equivalent units for direct materials are generally higher than for other manufacturing expenses. The FIFO method is more accurate, but the additional calculations do not represent a good cost-benefit trade off. Only consider using the FIFO method when costs vary substantially from period to period, so that management can see the trends in costs. The expanded accounting equation is a form of the basic accounting equation that includes the distinct components of owner’s equity, such as dividends, shareholder capital, revenue, and expenses.